- Category: O PRIJEDORU
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Geographical postion and the fact that Prijedor is situated on river banks of the Sana river and on a downhill of gentle Kozara mountain create immense potentials for tourism development.
Kozara is a Dinaric mountain situated in the north-west part of Republic of Srpska. It stretches among courses of the Sava river in the north, the Vrbas river in the east, the Sana river in the south and the Una river in the west. It is a low mountain of dynamic relief whose peaks are not higher than 1.000 m of an altitude. The highest peaks are Lisina at an altitude of 978 m and Rudine at 920 m.
Kozara is a Dynaric mountain covered by forest, an air spa which offers all conditions for sports and recreational activities during the whole year. Although Kozara has a relatively law altitude, a large nuber of teep slopes, rocky areas, valleys and depressions are present.
Temperate continental climate, a lot of sunny days and gentle mountain peaks give special value to this mountain.
Fir and beech forests dominate on the north side of the mountain, whereas forests of oak and conifer cover such as black pine, white pine and spruce cover slopes on the south side of Kozara.
Natural beauties of Kozara mountain and its diverse landscape attract mountaineering and hunting associations from Prijedor, Kozarska Dubica, Banja Luka and Gradiška. Kozara is a gentle mountain, rich in wildlife. The most common animals are: roe deer, wild boar, fox, rabbit, pheasant, wild duck and partridge. In this part of the Balkans similar hunting area is rare.
Many clear rivers and streams rich in trot spring up in this area. The area of Kozara and Potkozarje has huge natural, cultural, recreational and other values. In the area of Kozara mountain Mlječanica, Crna rijeka, Vrbaška, Moštanica and Starenica rivers spring up.
The basic hydrographic feature of Prijedor municipality is the Sana river with its tributaries. The Sana river springs up near Medna in Ribnik municipality and it flows into the Una river in Novi Grad municipality. Its course connects six municipalities, which are Ribnik, Kljuc, Sanski Most, Ostra Luka, Prijedor and Novi Grad. A legend says that the name has its origin in Latin word sana meaning healthy.
In the past the Sana river was of great importance for Prijedor because of its navigability which brought opportunities for trading. In the 19th century, Prijedor’s merchant fleet had more than 70 boats, each with 20-ton capacity
Many kinds of fish, such as trout and huchen can be found in the upper course of the Sana river. In the middle and lower course of the river carp, sheatfish, perch and rudd can be found.
The Gomjenica river, a right tributary of the Sana river, in its lower course flows trough Prijedor. It has fan-shaped basin, what makes a higher concentration of water.
The Puharska river has a torrential character and it never dries up. In the lower course it has been regulated and channeled into an open sewer.
In the area of Prijedor municipality there are 4 lakes:
- Sanicani, an artificial lake - fishpond. The Sanicani fishpond was established in 1903, and in addition to its main activity of fish production, it runs a commercial hunting area of 40 km². Small game, wild ducks, pheasants and other birds are hunted here;
- Ljubija, an artificial lake is located 15 km south west of Prijedor;
- Tomasica, is located 20 km south of Prijedor;
- Gradina, is located 25 km south east of Prijedor.